ASIMO

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ASIMO at the Expo 2005

ASIMO (アシモ ashimoJapanese) is a Humanoid robot created by Honda. Standing at 120 centimeters (3 feet 11 inches) and weighing 54 Kilogram (114 Pound (mass)), the robot resembles a small Astronaut wearing a Backpack and can walk or run on Biped at speeds up to 6 Kilometres per hour (4.3 Miles per hour), matching EMIEW.[1] ASIMO was created at Honda's Research & Development Wako Fundamental Technical Research Center in Japan. It is the current model in a line of eleven that began in 1986 with E0.

Officially, the name is an acronym for "Advanced Step in Innovative MObility". Honda's official statements[2] claim that the robot's name is not a reference to Science fiction writer and inventor of the Three Laws of Robotics, Isaac Asimov.

As of 2007, there are 46 ASIMO units in existence.[3] Each one costs less than US$1 million (JPY106,710,325 or Euro638,186 or Pound sterling504,720) to manufacture,[4] and some units are available to be Leasing out for US$166,000 (JPY17,714,316 or Euro105,920 or Pound sterling83,789) per year.[5]

Contents

Development history


Experimental Models

File:Asimo&p3.jpg

Humanoid Prototype Models

ASIMO

  • ASIMO unveiled in 2000[10]
    • ASIMO for hire unveiled in 2001[11]
    • intelligent ASIMO unveiled in 2002[12]
  • next-gen ASIMO unveiled in 2004[13]
  • new ASIMO unveiled in 2005[14]

Features and technology


Specifications

Original ASIMO
original ASIMO
(2000)
next-gen ASIMO
(2004)
new ASIMO
(2005)
Mass 52 kg ASIMO 54 kg
Height 120 cm 130 cm
Width 45 cm 45 cm
Depth 44 cm 37 cm
Walking speed 1.6 km/hour 2.5 km/hour 2.7 km/hour
1.6 km/hour (carrying 1 kg)
Running speed - 3 km/hour 6 km/hour (straight)
5 km/hour (circling)
Airborne time - 0.05 seconds 0.08 seconds
Battery Nickel metal hydride battery
38.4 Volt / 10 Ampere-hour / 7.7 kg
4 hours to fully charge
Lithium-ion battery
51.8 Volt / 6 kg
3 hours to fully charge
Continuous operating time 30 minutes 40 mins to 1 hour (walking)
Degrees of freedom (engineering) 26 (two in the head, five in each arm, six in each leg, one per hand) 34 (three in the head, seven in each arm, two in each hand, one in the torso, six in each leg) [15]

sources: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] Retrieved 18 February 2007.

Asimo can be operated from a Workstation and also by a remote controller.[16] Honda has also created a 3D CPU (consisting of three stacked Die (integrated circuit): a processor, a signal converter and some memory) to power super Asimo.[17] ASIMO runs the Operating System VxWorks

Recognition technology

With 2000's ASIMO model Honda added many features that enable ASIMO to interact better with humans. These features fall under 5 categories:

ASIMO walking alongside a human while holding hands

1. Recognition of moving objects

Using the visual information captured by the Camera mounted in its head, ASIMO can detect the movements of multiple objects, assessing distance and direction. Common applications of this feature would include: the ability to follow the movements of people with its camera, to follow a person, or greet a person when he or she approaches.

2. Recognition of postures and gestures

ASIMO can also interpret the positioning and movement of a hand, recognizing postures and gestures. Because of this ASIMO can react to and be directed by not only voice commands, but also to the natural movements of human beings. This enables it to, for example, recognize when a handshake is offered or when a person waves and respond accordingly. It can also recognize movement directions such as pointing.

3. Environment recognition

ASIMO can recognize the objects and terrain of its environment and act in a way that is safe for both itself and nearby humans. For example, recognizing potential hazards such as stairs, and by stopping and starting to avoid hitting humans or other moving objects.

4. Distinguishing sounds

ASIMO's ability to identify the source of sounds has been improved, and it can distinguish between voices and other sounds. It can respond to its name, face people when being spoken to, and recognize sudden, unusual sounds such as that of a falling object or a collision, and face in that direction. It is also able to respond to questions, either by a brief nod, a shake of the head or a verbal answer.

5. Facial recognition

ASIMO has the ability to recognize faces, even when ASIMO or the human being is moving. It can individually recognize approximately 10 different faces. Once they are registered it can address them by name.

Network integration

Utilizing Computer network such as the Internet, ASIMO can provide information and function better for various commercial applications, such as reception. Its abilities fall under 2 categories:

1. Integration with user's network system

By connecting with a user's network ASIMO can offer many useful functions such as greeting visitors and informing personnel of the visitor's arrival by transmitting messages and pictures of the visitor's face and guide visitors to a predetermined location.

2. Internet connectivity

By accessing information via the Internet, ASIMO can, for example, become a provider of news and weather updates.

source: Honda Worldwide - ASIMO Technology (2004). [6]. Retrieved Dec. 24, 2004.

See also


  • Actroid
  • HUBO
  • REEM-B
  • QRIO
  • ICub
  • Humanoid robot

References

  1. ASIMO specifications by Honda
  2. Tony McNicol. These bots were made for walking: Honda's bold new bots are headed into your home. Japan Inc. 52 (Feb 2004): p10
  3. Meet ASIMO the robot
  4. Say Hello To ASIMO
  5. Humanoid robot gets job as receptionist
  6. "History of the Humanoids: E0 (1986)". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. http://world.honda.com/ASIMO/history/e0.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "History of the Humanoids: E1-E2-E3 (1987 - 1991)". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. http://world.honda.com/ASIMO/history/e1_e2_e3.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "History of the Humanoids: E4-E5-E6 (1991 - 1993)". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. http://world.honda.com/ASIMO/history/e4_e5_e6.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "History of the Humanoids: P1-P2-P3 (1993 - 1997)". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. http://world.honda.com/ASIMO/history/p1_p2_p3.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  10. "History of the Humanoids: ASIMO (2000 - )". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. http://world.honda.com/ASIMO/history/asimo.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  11. "Honda Introduces New ASIMO Humanoid Robot for Rental Business". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. 2001-11-12. http://world.honda.com/news/2001/c011112.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  12. "Introducing a New ASIMO Featuring Intelligence Technology". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. 2002-12-05. http://world.honda.com/news/2002/c021205.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  13. "The Next Generation: Specification of the Research Model (December, 2004)". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. http://world.honda.com/ASIMO/next-generation/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  14. "New ASIMO: Honda Debuts New ASIMO (December, 2005)". Honda Motor Co., Ltd.. http://world.honda.com/ASIMO/new/. Retrieved on 2008-07-01. 
  15. http://asimo.honda.com/asimo_specifications.html
  16. http://www.eetimes.com/story/OEG20001122S0048
  17. http://www.digitalworldtokyo.com/index.php/digital_tokyo/articles/honda_creates_3d_cpu_to_power_super_asimo/

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