Honda Civic (second generation)
From Honda Wiki
East London, South Africa
|Car body style||3-door Hatchback|
4-door Sedan (car)
5-door Station wagon
|Automobile layout||FF layout|
|Internal combustion engine||1.3 L EJ ? CVCC Straight-4 |
1.5 L EM CVCC Straight-4
|Transmission (mechanics)||4-speed manual|
5-speed Manual transmission
2-speed Hondamatic automatic
3-speed Hondamatic Automatic transmission
|Wheelbase||88.6 in.(225 cm)|
91.3 in (232 cm)(wagon)
|Length||146.9 in. (373 cm)|
The 1980 Civic debuted with a more angular shape, increased engine power, and larger dimensions in all models. The wheelbase now measured 88.6 inches (225 cm) for the hatchback (the two-door "sedan" was dropped) and 91.3 inches (232 cm) for the wagon. All Civic engines now used the CVCC design; the base 1335 cc ("1300") engine made 55 hp (41 kW), while the 1488 cc ("1500") engine produced 67 hp (50 kW). Three transmissions were offered: a four-speed Manual transmission (on base models), a five-speed manual and a two-speed Automatic transmission.
The Civic 1300 and 1500 came in base and DX versions, and the latter featured a five-speed manual transmission, partial cloth seats, carpet, rear window defroster, intermittent wipers, and a cigar lighter. The 1500 GL added radial tires, a rear window wiper/washer, tachometer, clock, and body side moldings. The Civic wagon came in a single version that was similar to the DX trim level.
In 1980 a "3-box" four-door sedan debuted, as did a three-speed automatic transmission that replaced the aging two-speed unit. Rectangular headlamps and black bumpers appeared on the 1982 Civic. A new highly efficient gasoline-sipping Straight-4 model, the five-speed "FE" (Fuel Economy) was introduced and was rated at Convert/mpgus in the city and Convert/mpgus on the highway. The slogan for 1983 was We Make It Simple. Even the standard 1500 cc model achieves Convert/mpgus city, and Convert/mpgus highway when driven Convert/mi/h, the maximum U.S. speed limit at the time (California mileage ratings). It was produced in Mercedes-Benz plant in East London, South Africa and sold as the Honda Ballade.
The sport-oriented Civic "S" was introduced and replaced the 1500 GL in 1983 and was fitted with firmer suspension (with rear stabilizer bar) and 165/70R13 Michelin tires. A red accent encircled the S and set it apart from other Civics as well as a black grille and blackout paint around the window frames.
In Europe a model called the Ballade which was based on the saloon version of this vehicle but with different styling, was available badged as a Triumph Acclaim