Honda S2000

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Honda S2000
HondaS2000-004.jpg
S2000.png
ManufacturerHonda Motor Company
Production1999-2009
Classsports car
Body style(s)2-door roadster
LayoutFMR layout
DesignerShigeru Uehara

The Honda S2000 is a roadster manufactured by the Japanese automaker Honda Motor Company. It was launched in April 1999 and was created to celebrate the company's 50th anniversary.

The car was first shown as a concept at the Tokyo Motor Show in 1995, following which it was launched in world markets in 1999. The S2000 is named for its engine displacement of 2 L, carrying on in the tradition of the S500, S600, and S800 roadsters of the 1960s. Several revisions were made throughout the car's lifetime, including changes to the engine, gearbox, suspension and interior and exterior. Officially two model designations exist: the initial launch model was called the AP1, while the AP2 designation was given to the models produced from 2004 onwards which contained substantial changes to the drivetrain and suspension. Production of the S2000 will cease in June 2009.[1][2]

Honda SSM

Introduced at the 1995 Tokyo Motor Show,[3] the Honda SSM concept car was the design study for the production S2000. The SSM (which stood for "Sports Study Model")[4] was a rear wheel drive roadster powered by a 2.0 L (122 cu in) inline 4 cylinder engine. It featured a push-button starter and central division between the driver and passenger which Honda claimed to improve the vehicle's rigidity. All of the body panels were aluminium and the car had a 50/50 weight distribution.

The SSM would appear unchanged in many automotive shows for several years afterwards, hinting at the possibility of a production version. Honda later announced the production version of the SSM. Carrying on the tradition of the company's 1960s S500, S600, and S800 roadsters, the new vehicle was called the S2000.

Models

AP1

Honda S2000 (AP1)
Ap1s2000.JPG
Production1999-2003
AssemblyTakanezawa R&D Plant in Tochigi, Japan
Engine(s)1,997 cc (122 cu in) F20C I4
Transmission(s)6-speed manual
Wheelbase94.5 in (240 cm)
Length162.2 in (412 cm)
Width68.9 in (175 cm)
Height50.0 in (127 cm)

The S2000 was introduced in 1999 for the 2000 model year and was given the chassis designation of AP1. It features a front-mid-engine, rear wheel drive layout with power being delivered by a 1,997 cc (122 cu in) F20C inline 4 cylinder DOHC-VTEC engine producing Template:Convert/hp at 8,300 rpm and Template:Convert/lbf.ft at 7,500 rpm, though European versions were rated slightly lower at Template:Convert/hp and the Japanese models were quoted with Template:Convert/hp at 8,600 rpm due to a small difference in engine compression ratio. The engine is mated to a six-speed manual transmission and Torsen limited slip differential. In part because of its high-revving nature for a car engine, the S2000 achieves the highest specific power per unit volume of any mass-produced naturally-aspirated automobile piston engine, producing Template:Convert/hp per liter.

Custom Honda S2000 from the movie 2 Fast 2 Furious at the Petersen Automotive Museum.

The roadster is constructed using a rigid X-bone monocoque frame, improving passenger safety and handling. Other features include independent double wishbone suspension, electrically-assisted steering and integrated roll hoops. 16 in (41 cm) wheels with Bridgestone Potenza S-02 tires were standard equipment. The compact and lightweight engine, mounted entirely behind the front axle, allows the S2000 to obtain a 50:50 front/rear weight distribution and lower rotational inertia. An electrically powered vinyl top with internal cloth lining was standard. Honda made available an OEM hardtop for additional cost.

The 2001 model was largely unchanged, but Honda upgraded the radio (now with a clock). For the 2002 model year, suspension settings were revised and the plastic rear window was replaced with glass with an electric defroster added. Other updates included slightly revised tail lamps, an upgraded radio, and a revised engine control unit.

2004 AP2 and 2000 AP1 model S2000s from above—the AP1 has OEM front lip, side strakes, and rear spoiler.

United States versions of Honda S2000 require premium unleaded gasoline to operate (91 AKI octane rating, corresponding roughly to 95 RON). Fuel economy figures by the United States EPA were originally Template:Convert/mpgus city, Template:Convert/mpgus combined and Template:Convert/mpgus highway. Revised ratings are Template:Convert/mpgus city, Template:Convert/mpgus combined and Template:Convert/mpgus highway.[5] The European and Japanese versions are also tuned to run on a minimum of 95 octane unleaded, but 98 is recommended. Fuel economy figures published by Honda UK are Template:Convert/mpgimp city, Template:Convert/mpgimp combined and Template:Convert/mpgimp highway.

The AP1 was manufactured up to 2003 at Honda's Takanezawa, Tochigi plant, alongside the Honda NSX and Honda Insight hybrid.[6] In 2004 production moved to the Suzuka plant.

AP2

Honda S2000 (AP2)
HondaS2000-007.jpg
Production2004-2009
AssemblySuzuka R&D Plant in Suzuka, Mie, Japan
Engine(s)1,997 cc (122 cu in) F20C I4
2,157 cc (132 cu in) F22C1 I4
Transmission(s)6-speed manual
Wheelbase94.5 in (240 cm)
Length162.2 in (412 cm)
Width68.9 in (175 cm)
Height50.0 in (127 cm)

The 2004 model year incorporated several revisions to the S2000 and was given the chassis designation of AP2. The 2004 model introduced newly designed 17 in (43 cm) wheels and Bridgestone RE-050 tires along with a retuned suspension that reduced the car's tendency to oversteer. The spring rates and shock absorber damping were altered and the suspension geometry modified to improve stability by reducing toe-in changes under cornering loads. In addition, cosmetic changes were made to the exterior with new front and rear bumpers, revised headlight assemblies, new LED tail-lights, and oval-tipped exhausts.

2005 Honda S2000 AP2 showing revised rear end.

The AP2 also included the introduction of a larger version of the F20C to the North American market only. Designated F22C1, the engine's stroke was lengthened, increasing its displacement to 2,157 cc (132 cu in). At the same time, the redline was reduced from 9,000 rpm[7] to 8,000 rpm with a cutout at 8,200 rpm,[8] mandated by the longer travel distance of the pistons. Peak torque increased 6% to Template:Convert/lbf.ft at 6,200 rpm and the F22C1 was quoted by Honda as having more torque at lower rpm than the F20C, although power output was the same. The F22C1 was used exclusively in the North American market for 2004-2009 models, with the F20C being used in all other markets.

Honda F22C1 engine found in the S2000 AP2.

In conjunction with its introduction of the F22C1, Honda also changed the transmission gear ratios by shortening the first four gears and lengthening the last two. Another change was the inclusion of a clutch release delay valve to improve drivetrain longevity by reducing shock loads.

2005 Honda S2000 AP2 red/black interior. 2005 Honda S2000 AP2 red/black interior.
2005 Honda S2000 AP2 red/black interior.

The 2006 model introduced a drive by wire throttle, Vehicle Stability Assist system, new wheels, and one new exterior color, Laguna Blue Pearl. Interior changes included revised seats, additional stereo speakers integrated into the headrests, and additional headrest padding where previous seats had helmet depressions and screens. The F22C1 engine replaced the F20C in 2006 for the Japanese market with a specified power output of Template:Convert/hp.

JDM-spec Type-S, also US-spec CR

The 2008 model year marked the first time the S2000 was offered in more than one trim level.[9] In addition to the base model, Honda offered a new race-inspired version of the S2000, distinguished by reduced weight, fewer amenities, and a claimed increase in performance. The S2000 CR made its world debut at the 2007 New York International Auto Show on 4 April 2007.[10] Changes for the CR included a quicker (lower-ratio) steering rack, stiffer suspension and all-new Bridgestone Potenza RE070 tires. Rear tires were widened from 245/40R-17 to 255/40R-17 on the CR. A revised body kit, composed of a redesigned front clip, rear bumper, and a large spoiler, were wind-tunnel tested and claimed to reduce the overall coefficient of lift by 70-80 percent.[11] The power folding soft top was removed and replaced with additional chassis bracing topped off with a tonneau cover, while the optional removable non-structural hard top became a standard feature on the CR. Finally, in an effort to reduce weight and lower the center of gravity, the spare tire was omitted and air conditioning and stereo were offered only as options. Net weight savings without the additional hardtop was 90 pounds (41 kg) relative to the standard model. The engine in the S2000 CR was unchanged from the standard trim.[12] A variant of the CR was released in Japan called the Type-S. It is nearly identical to the CR, but retains the convertible soft top instead of the CR's aluminum hard-top.[13]

The Honda S2000 CR became available in the fall of 2007 and started at US$36,300. Production volume of less than 2,000 units is expected. Redesigned five-spoke wheels were standard on all S2000s, with bright silver on the base model wheels and a gunmetal color on the CR wheels. All CR models were only available with yellow and black cloth interior. Honda continue both trim levels of S2000 unchanged for the 2009 model year. MSRP was increased to US$34,695 for the base trim and US$36,695 for CR trim.

Production of the S2000 will cease in June 2009.[1][14][15] To commemorate the production run of the vehicle, Honda will offer a special variant called the S2000 Ultimate Edition for the European market.[16] The Ultimate Edition is mechanically identical to standard S2000, features a unique Grand Prix White paint scheme, red leather interior, and numbered dash plaques.

Specifications

2000–2003
AP1
2004–2009
AP2 (F20C)
2004–2009
AP2 (F22C1)[17]
2008-2009
AP2 CR[17]
Engineering
Engine Type naturally aspirated inline-4
Displacement 1,997 cc (122 cu in) 2,157 cc (132 cu in)
Power Template:Convert/bhp @ 8,300 rpm (US)
Template:Convert/bhp @ 8,300 rpm (EU)
Template:Convert/bhp @ 8,600 rpm (JP)
Template:Convert/bhp @ 7,800 rpm (US)[17]
Template:Convert/bhp @ 7,800 rpm (EU)
Template:Convert/bhp @ 7,800 rpm (JP)[18]
Torque Template:Convert/lbft @ 7,500 rpm Template:Convert/lbft @ 6,800 rpm
Redline 9,000 rpm 8,000 rpm
Bore & Stroke 87.0 mm (3.425 in) x 84.4 mm (3.323 in) 87.0 mm (3.425 in) x 90.7 mm (3.571 in)
Compression Ratio 11.0:1 11.1:1
Valvetrain 16-valve DOHC VTEC
Transmission 6-speed manual
Dimensions
Length 162.2 in (4,120 mm)
Width 68.9 in (1,750 mm)
Height 50.0 in (1,270 mm)
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm)
Track f: 57.9 in (1,471 mm)
r: 59.4 in (1,509 mm)
Curb Weight 2,809 lb (1,274 kg) 2,801 lb (1,271 kg) 2,855 lb (1,295 kg) 2,813 lb (1,276 kg)
2,765 lb (1,254 kg) w/o hardtop
+ 42 lb (19 kg) w/ audio/AC
Weight Distribution 50/50
Other
Tires Bridgestone Potenza S-02 (ES02JZ)
f: 205/55VR16
r: 225/50VR16
Bridgestone Potenza RE050
f: 215/45R17
r: 245/40R17
Bridgestone Potenza RE070
f: 215/45ZR17
r: 255-40ZR17
Brakes f: 11.8 in (300 mm) ventilated discs
r: 11.1 in (282 mm) solid discs

Reviews and awards

The S2000 has received much praise from critics and motoring journalists and has received favourable reviews from such publications as Car and Driver,[19] Car magazine,[20] the Los Angeles Times and Road & Track magazine. Among the features highlighted are the high output of the engine, the high redline, the balanced handling, and the smooth gearbox. User surveys have named the S2000 as a favorite for overall customer satisfaction.[21][22]

Sales and production

In the United States, the largest market for the S2000 worldwide, the recommended selling price of the 2009 Honda S2000 is US$34,695.[31] The CR trim's base price is $36,695 with a $1,000 option to add air-conditioning and stereo.

In the United Kingdom, the 2008 model is offered in two trims, Roadster and GT. The GT trim features a removable hard-top and an outside temperature gauge. On-the-road prices of these trims are £27,300 and £27,850, respectively.

After several years of steady production, sales of the roadster began falling dramatically starting in 2006, and the trend accelerated during the 2008 U.S. recession. Honda sold 7,320 units in the U.S for 2004, the first year of the AP2. In 2008, only 2,538 units were sold - a 74% decline from 2002, which was the best year for S2000 sales at 9,684 units. In November 2008, for the first time since the launch, fewer than 100 new S2000's were sold nationwide in the United States during the whole month.[32] Honda has announced that they will not create a successor to the S2000.[33]

Calendar Year U.S.[32][34][35] Europe[36][37][35] Japan[38][35] Canada[39][35] Australia[40][41][42][43]
1999 3,400 1,179 7,209 332 596
2000 6,797 3,955 3,422 412 521
2001 9,682 2,197 1,913 401 308
2002 9,684 2,537 1,471 336 164
2003 7,888 2,095 961 238 79
2004 7,320 2,036 1,087 250 39
2005 7,780 1,795 981 212 40
2006 6,271 1,474 1,225 146 30
2007 4,302 1,115     26
2008 2,538 568*      

Through July 2008.

Since the introduction of the Honda S2000 in 1999 until the end of 2008, Honda has sold 110,673 units worldwide - 19,987 of those in Europe.[44]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "2009 Will Be Final Model Year of Production for Honda S2000". http://hondanews.com/categories/1097/releases/4934. Retrieved on 2009-01-26. 
  2. Honda to cease production of its two-seater sports car
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  5. 2008 Fuel Economy Tests
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  27. Lutz lets a bit of Edmunds survey slip, GM takes 13 first place picks - Autoblog
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  44. Honda EU press release [[1]]

External links