Honda Civic (third generation)

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Third generation
European-spec third generation Honda Civic Shuttle (wagon)
AssemblySuzuka, Japan
Alliston, Ontario, Canada
Shin-Jyu, Taiwan, Republic of China, South Africa
Body style(s)3-door hatchback
3-door coupe (CRX)
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon (Shuttle)
LayoutFront engine, front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Engine(s)US Spec:
1.3 L 60 hp EV1 I4
1.5 L 58 hp-76 hp EW1/2, 91 hp EW3/4, 108 hp EW5 I4
JDM Spec:
1.5 L D15A2 I4
Transmission(s)5-speed manual
3-speed Hondamatic automatic
Wheelbase94 in (239 cm)
Length150 in (381 cm)
Width64 in (162 cm)
Height53 in (135 cm)
RelatedTriumph Acclaim
Rover 200
Honda CRX
Honda Ballade
Honda/Acura Integra

For the third generation, the Civic's wheelbase was increased by 2–5 inches (13 cm) to 93.7 inches (hatchback) or 96.5 inches (sedan). A 3-door hatchback, 4-door sedan, 4-door "Shuttle" station wagon, and CRX coupe shared common underpinnings. This included independent front control arms with torsion bar springs and a semi-independent rear beam with coil springs. However, the body panels were largely different between models.

1984-1985 Civic hatchback
1986-1987 Civic sedan

The sedan and hatchback shared the same dashboard, but the CRX and wagons both had their own unique dash (CRX having a covered cubby in the middle of the dash, the wagon having a pop up set of vents which could be used or retracted into the dash).

A new 12-valve (three valves per cylinder) 76 hp, 1500 cc I4 engine was introduced. The base hatchback and CRX 1.3 used the 1300 cc 8-valve engine giving 60 hp (45 kW). The DX and 1500S model hatchbacks shared the new 1500 cc engine with the sedan, wagon, and CRX 1.5. The 1500S model achieved over Template:Convert/mpgus highway.

The CRX was a Civic with a slightly different body; it was strictly a 2-seater in the US with a lockable storage compartment, while it was offered to the rest of the world with a rear seat. The CRX lineup added the Si model in 1985 which used Honda's PGM-FI fuel injection on the 1488cc 4 cylinder; in the United States this generated Template:Convert/hp. The Si model added an intricately designed rear wiper, rear spoiler, power sunroof and 4 spoke alloy wheels.

The wagon was available in front-wheel drive; in 1985 a part-time four-wheel drive, operated by a push button on the dash, became available.

The CRX HF joined the model lineup and used a CVCC head equipped EW series 1.5 liter engine, replacing the original CRX 1.3.

In 1986, the Civic got flush-mounted headlights. The CRX Si was visually altered by body colored bumpers, new alloy wheels and a body colored rubber spoiler-now mounted on the back of the hatch as opposed to the top portion of the hatch. Also in 1986 an Si version of the Civic hatchback was introduced, featuring a pop-up glass sunroof, body colored bumpers, and sedan-style disk wheel covers. This model came with the 1.5 L 12 valve fuel-injected engine from the CRX Si, generating Template:Convert/hp, and a manual five-speed gearbox.

In 1987, the four-wheel drive system on the wagon was changed; a new Real-Time four-wheel drive system featured an automatic viscous coupling that shifted power to the rear wheels automatically when needed. Real Time 4WD models are recognizable by the charcoal grey center covers, covering the lug nuts which were exposed on FWD models. In Europe the Sedan model was marketed as the Rover 213/216 and the Honda Ballade.